Animal Health Care (AHC) segment feeds are normally composed of plant material, cereals and vegetable proteins, which cannot be fully digested and utilized.
However, feed utilization and digestion can often be increased by the addition of external ingredients like feed supplements or enzymes to the feed.
Many cereals have a proportion of their energy in the form of non starch polysaccharides (NSPs), more commonly known as fiber. Enzymes are to break down these NSPs, which lead in increase of metabolizable energy and protein utilization.
In some cereals, a large part of the NSP is soluble and causes highly viscosity in the intestine and improving feed utilization.
IN ORDER TO ADDRESS THIS IMPORTANT ISSUE, PRATHISTA INDUSTRIES LIMITED HAS INVENTED
WHAT IS MULTIZYME – ONE IN ALL TO IMPROVE FEED QUALITY.
MULTIZYME IS INNOVATIVE & UNIQUE FORMMULATION WITH COMBINATION OF MULTIPLE / ESSENTIAL ENZYMES,
NUTRIENTS, TRACE ELEMENTS & VITAMINS
Multizyme is a very unique blend of enzymes produced by SSF which takes care of various problems in chickens like, the effect caused due to the presence of non starch poly-saccharides, galactosides, phytases and other anti-nutritional factors present in the feed stuff.
WHY MULTIZYME – TO ADDRESS IMBALANCING IN FEED NUTRITIONAL ASPECTS
The digestive system of chicken comprises of natural enzymes to digest complex molecules in feed like proteins, carbohydrates, fats etc. poultry feed involves many plant and animal original ingredients.
Plant Source: corn, maize, wheat, oat, rye, bajra, rice, rice polish,millets like sorghum, bajra, DORB, soya bean meal, sunflower cake etc.
Animal source: Fish meal, meat meal, liver meal, bone meal, blood meal etc.
Animal residues are easily digested by chicken; however plant origin materials are not due to the presence of certain inherent residues. These inherent residues are not digested by chicken due to the lack of endogenous enzymes present in the digestive track of the birds. A customized blend of enzymes helps to unlock the valuable nutrients present in the inherent residues and thus, made bioavailable to birds, which are not otherwise carried out.
These indigestible plant residues may be called as:
1) Non starch poly - sachharides
4) Anti nutritional components like Lectins, Tannins, trypsin inhibitor etc.
NON STARCH POLYSACHHARIDES
The term NSP covers a large class of polysaccharides excluding starch.
NSP contents in some of the Cereal grains
Feed Ingredients Total NSP (g/kg)
Sun Flower Cake 367
Soya Meal 234
Rice Polish 87
These are short chain carbohydrates usually found in legumes like soybean. Galactose being the main subunit is cross linked in raffi-nose, stach-yose and verba-scose.
Any poultry feed generally contains phosphorus in organic forma as phytate phosphorus and non-phytate phosphorus. The non-phytate phosphorus is easily available and well digested by the chicken. However it is found that phytate phosphorus is not available due to negligible amounts of phytase enzyme in intestine of the bird not sufficient to hydrolyse the phytate bond. Due to this most of the organic phosphorus is passed undigested through faeces causing environmental pollution.
ANTI NUTRITIONAL FACTORS
ANFs like Lectins, tannins, trypsin inhibitors etc.: This class includes chemically varied type of residues which usually occur in very low concentrations.
ANTI - NUTRITIONAL EFFECTS OF UNDIGESTED RESIDUES
1. Soluble NSPs:
a. Increases gut viscosity there by reducing digestion of feed
b.Modify gut physiology to reduce internal secretion of water, proteins, electrolytes and lipids
c. Bind bile salts, lipids & cholesterol there by changing digestive & absorptive dynamics of the gut.
d. Increases retention time of digesta in the intestine thus decreasing oxygen tension to favor growth of anaerobic toxigenic micro flora causing deconjugation of bile.
All these interactions lead to:
i.Poor feed conversion
ii. Loose droppings
iii. Chronic deficiencies and other health related problems in poultry.
Interfere with the gut physiology leading to flatulence and poor assimilation of nutrients.
They chelate minerals like Ca, Fe, Mg, starch, amino acids etc. making them biologically unavailable. Hence, there is an extra supplementation of inorganic phosphorus in feed to maintain the mineral level in bird which again increases the feed cost.
4. OTHER ANFs:
a. Hampers digestion by interfering with endogenous enzyme present in the digestive tract
b. Inhibit action of trypsin, tannins, lectins etc.
MULTIPLE BENEFITS OF MULTIZYME
1) Optimizes the use of conventional and non conventional feed ingredients.
2) Improves feed conversion ratio (FCR)
3) Increase in weight gain of broilers, number of eggs in layers
4) Reduces wet droppings, odor and improves litter quality (Less microbial contamination) leading to cleaner eggs.
5) Improves absorption efficiency of antibiotics, methionine and lysine etc.
Application of enzymes in MULTIZYME
a) ALPHA AMYLASE
Hydrolyzes Alpha-1. 40 glycosidc bonds from starchy material liberating metabolizable sugar.
Hydrolyzes Beta-1, 4-glycosidic bonds randomly from cellulosic fraction of Soya, maize, SFC, DORB etc. to release easily metabolizable glucose.
Hydrolyzes arabinoxylans in simple sugar.
Hydrolyzes pectic acid in a random fashion from SFC, DORB to release metabolizable galacturonate sugars.
Hydrolyzes phytic acid to mylo inositol and phosphoric acid to reduce antinutritional effect and release bioavailable phosphorus, amino acids and minerals.
Acts on proteins to liberate peptides and amino acids.
Breakdown of the vegetable and animal fats to free fatty acids, triglycerides and glycerol to give metabolizable energy.
Acts on Beta-1, 4 linked xylanopyranosyl residues of arabinoxylans and mannans releasing pentose sugars and metabolizable hexose sugars from SFC, wheat, DORB, causing reduction in internal digesta viscosity.
Hydrolyzes galacto-oligosachharides from soya like raffinose and stachyose into sucrose and galactose to reduce antinutritional effect and release metabolizable sugars.
Decreases the viscosity of beta glucans in high barley and wheat diets to release metabolizable sugars.
Besides, multiple enzymes, the “MULTIZYME” is formulated with Organic Chelated Micronutrients, Vitamins and trace elements for better combination and multiple benefits.
SHELF LIFE OF MULTIZYME
MULIZYME shelf life is 24 months from the date of manufacturing under specified conditions
DOSAGES OF MULTIZYME
400 to 500 grams per ton of feed (or) as recommended by nutritionist.