(1) Chelated Minerals
Livestock requires minerals specially micro-minerals, in appropriate amounts as well as in biologically available form for efficient production performance and maintenance of normal health. Deficiencies of minerals occur frequently in diets consisting of common feed ingredients. These must be provided as a supplemental form. Though the requirements of the minerals are in micro quantities, yet they have very important roles in various biological processes involved in the body for vitamin synthesis, hormone production, an activator of enzymes, in collagen formation, tissue synthesis, oxygen transport, energy production, other physiological processes related to growth, reproduction, and health. Mineral supplements are required to fortify animal diets.
There are two major classes of mineral sources: inorganic and organic chelates (metal chelate). However, organic minerals are more effectively absorbed by the body. Essential trace elements chelated with EDTA are the initial generation metal chelate. However, EDTA over protects metal chelated to it. Thus fails to release metal for systemic use and leading to almost complete expulsion from the body. Further research for best ligands showed that amino acids and short peptides can meet this role by protecting transition metals in the digestive tract.
Availability of Organic Mineral Complexes (Chelates):-
A chelate is described as a metal complex in which the metal atom is held in the center of the complex through more than one point of attachment to the ligand (chelating agent). Natural digestion of foods produces numerous ligands that can complex (chelate) with the minerals in the diet and facilitate their passage from the lumen of the intestine into the cells of the intestinal wall. They eventually chelate with natural ligands that transport the minerals through the body. The introduction of the chelated minerals will increase absorption and utilization of the mineral because of a more favorable binding or stability constant.
Therefore in an animal digestive system, organic trace minerals, those that are bound to the organic ligand such as protein, amino acids, or carbohydrates, may be more biologically available than inorganic trace minerals. Naturally occurring chelating agents like carbohydrates, lipids, amino acids, phosphates (phytic acid), porphyrins, and vitamins (vitamin B12 and ascorbic acid) are widely distributed in all living systems.
Commercially Produced Complexes
The commercially manufactured ligands or chelating agents are limited over natural ligands, but still creates significant variability when we compare these sources for use in a mineral supplement. The basic classifications are
(a) Metal complexes
They result from the complexing a soluble metal salt (inorganic mineral as described above) with a specific amino acid. For instance, one of the most common metal complexes is zinc methionine, which is produced by combining zinc sulphate with amino acid methionine. Other common metal (specific amino acid) complexes include copper lysine and manganese methionine. The production of these types of complexes results in a very specific metal complex that is consistent in molecular size and stability. Thus metal complexes are consistent in how it is digested and absorbed by the livestock or poultry. When considered with the consistency and stability, metal complexes are most effectively and efficiently absorbed of all the complexes.
(b) Mixture of amino acid complexes
Another similar production produces a different type of metal amino acid complexes. This is a more general type of product which is characterized by a metal atom (like zinc) complexes with several single amino acids. Each individual molecule is still one metal ion and one amino acid but you have a variety of other amino acids in the blend. For instance, a zinc complex in this category, the blend would include zinc methionine, zinc lysine, zinc leucine, zinc cystine, etc. This process would hold true for other trace minerals as well as copper and manganese etc.
- Amino acids and short peptides are very consistent in the molecular size and stability.
- They are consistent in digestion and absorption in any living system which results in maximum bio-availability.
- Shows high solubility in the rumen leaving the metal ion in an unbound form.
- Therefore in an animal’s digestive system, organic trace minerals, those that are bound to organic ligands such as proteins, amino acids, or carbohydrates are more biologically available than trace minerals.
Based on the fact that, amino acids and short peptides are not only bio-available chelating compounds but also excellent mineral mobilizes to address the mineral requirements and deficiencies. So, Prathista has taken the challenge to manufacture various grades of amino acids and short peptides based chelated minerals to meet multi-segment requirements. Prathista has gained expertise to manufacture ranges of chelated minerals starting from 8% to 27% based on customer requirements. It is important to note that, when the mineral composition is increasing, total nitrogen (amino acids) value will be declined in the final composition, without affecting the quality of metal chelates.
Prathista is offering the following grades of Proteinates based metal chelates
- Zinc Proteinates up to 27%
- Manganese Proteinates up to 20%
- Ferrous Proteinates up to 20%
- Copper Proteinates up to 20%
- Magnesium Proteinates up to12%
- Calcium Proteinates up to 18%
- Cobalt Proteinates up to 10%
- Selenium Proteinates up to 5%
Prathista is also a bulk manufacturer of different grades of vegetable or cereal-based protein hydrolysate (spray dried) powder using the state of the art spray drying technology, which finds multiple applications in various segments for protein (nitrogen) and carbohydrates sources for healthy growth.
(2) Chelated Mineral Mixtures
Prathista is having unique facilities for manufacturing and formulating tailor-made chelated mineral mixtures for multi-segment demands, based on customer requirements. Prathista is marketing chelated mineral mixtures in the brand name of “MULTIMIX” (** click for sample guaranteed analysis report).
(a) Metal polysaccharide complexes
Prathista adopted unique eco-friendly methodologies for manufacturing of “metal polysaccharides” by complexing soluble salts with naturally available polysaccharides (carbohydrates) with the eco-friendly fermentation process. These metal polysaccharides are organic mineral salts, highly useful for organic feed / agricultural applications.
(b) Organic acids and salts
Prathista is having unique fermentation-based manufacturing facilities for manufacturing of organic acids which are unique chelated compounds and are highly bio-available. Organic acids are also found application as acidifiers to enhance feed quality and shelf-life. They enhance better gut health for poultry and other livestock. Thus Prathista is offering a mixture of various organic acids and its salts to meet multi-segment customer requirements.
(c) Specific and unique chelating compounds
Prathista is having expertise in chelation technology with unique manufacturing and spray drying facilities. Thus we can manufacture and supply various grades of chelating compounds like glycinates methionates, lysinates, leucinates, cystinates etc., with bio-available nutritional characteristics.